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The\\ Case\\ of\\ Bukit\\ Merah DC.creator Fumitaka\\ Furuoka\\ and\\ Lo\\ May\\ Chiun DC.subject Pollution;\\ environment;\\ environmental\\ politics;\\ developmental\\ economics;\\ development;\\ export;\\ push\\ and\\ pull;\\ push\\ factors;\\ pull\\ factors;\\ Japan;\\ Japanese;\\ discussion;\\ paper;\\ discussion\\ paper;\\ discussion\\ papers;\\ essay;\\ essays;\\ opinion;\\ Japanese\\ studies;\\ Japan\\ studies;\\ contemporary\\ Japan;\\ modern\\ Japan;\\ social\\ sciences;\\ society;\\ economy;\\ politics;\\ culture;\\ sociology;\\ economics;\\ political\\ science;\\ education;\\ educational;\\ research;\\ analysis;\\ study;\\ academic\\ research;\\ creative\\ writing DC.description article\\ 1\\ in\\ 2005\\ in\\ the\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DC.publisher electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DC.contributor Fumitaka\\ Furuoka\\ and\\ Lo\\ May\\ Chiun DC.date 2005-04-25 DC.type Text DC.format text/html DC.abstract This\\ article\\ presents\\ a\\ study\\ of\\ the\\ Bukit\\ Merah\\ pollution\\ case\\ in\\ Malaysia\\ in\\ which\\ a\\ joint\\ venture,\\ Asian\\ Rare\\ Earth,\\ involving\\ a\\ Japanese\\ multinational\\ corporation\\ located\\ in\\ Bukit\\ Merah\\ was\\ accused\\ of\\ dumping\\ radioactive\\ waste\\ and\\ jeopardizing\\ the\\ health\\ of\\ local\\ residents.\\ The\\ article\\ identifies\\ the\\ ‘push\\ factors’\\ that\\ compelled\\ Japanese\\ companies\\ to\\ relocate\\ the\\ environmentally\\ unfriendly\\ factories\\ to\\ developing\\ countries\\ and\\ discusses\\ the\\ ‘pull\\ factors’\\ that\\ have\\ contributed\\ to\\ Malaysia’s\\ becoming\\ a\\ destination\\ for\\ ‘dirty\\ industries’.\\ In\\ the\\ light\\ of\\ these\\ discussions,\\ the\\ article\\ gives\\ an\\ account\\ of\\ the\\ Bukit\\ Merah\\ pollution\\ case,\\ the\\ first\\ widely\\ publicized\\ case\\ of\\ the\\ export\\ of\\ dirty\\ industries\\ in\\ Malaysia.\\ The\\ article\\ will\\ show\\ that\\ the\\ process\\ by\\ which\\ the\\ case\\ of\\ Bukit\\ Merah\\ unfolded\\ has\\ close\\ parallels\\ with\\ the\\ famous\\ case\\ of\\ mercury\\ poisoning\\ in\\ Minamata\\ Bay\\ in\\ Japan.\\ However,\\ unlike\\ in\\ similar\\ cases\\ in\\ Japan,\\ there\\ has\\ yet\\ to\\ be\\ a\\ resolution\\ to\\ the\\ Bukit\\ Merah\\ example.\\ The\\ article\\ posits\\ that\\ there\\ still\\ needs\\ to\\ be\\ a\\ structural\\ change\\ in\\ the\\ relationship\\ between\\ the\\ state\\ and\\ civil\\ society\\ in\\ Malaysia\\ for\\ resolution\\ to\\ move\\ forward. DC.format 70679\\ bytes DC.identifier electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies\\ -\\ ISSN\\ 1476-9158 DC.language en DC.rights Contact\\ the\\ general\\ editor\\ of\\ the\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies\\ (ejcjs)\\ in\\ the\\ first\\ instance.\\ Copyright\\ of\\ all\\ material\\ published\\ in\\ ejcjs\\ is\\ owned\\ by\\ the\\ respective\\ author.\\ All\\ reproduction\\ of\\ material\\ taken\\ from\\ ejcjs\\ must\\ make\\ mention\\ that\\ the\\ material\\ originally\\ appeared\\ in\\ ejcjs\\ and\\ must\\ provide\\ information\\ on\\ how\\ the\\ original\\ material\\ can\\ be\\ accessed. vti_charset:SR|shift_jis