vti_encoding:SR|utf8-nl vti_author:SR|SEAGULLS\\Peter Matanle vti_modifiedby:SR|SEAGULLS\\Peter Matanle vti_timelastmodified:TR|30 Jan 2006 06:25:01 -0000 vti_timecreated:TR|19 Jul 2005 06:05:09 -0000 vti_title:SR|ejcjs - Change in Script Usage in Japanese: A Longitudinal Study of Japanese Government White Papers on Labor vti_extenderversion:SR|5.0.2.6738 vti_lineageid:SR|{172BD6A1-E174-49CC-ACCB-41C2D58DF45A} vti_backlinkinfo:VX|articles/2005/Tomoda.html vti_nexttolasttimemodified:TW|30 Jan 2006 06:24:30 -0000 vti_cacheddtm:TX|30 Jan 2006 12:00:45 -0000 vti_filesize:IR|82708 vti_cachedtitle:SR|ejcjs - Change in Script Usage in Japanese: A Longitudinal Study of Japanese Government White Papers on Labor vti_cachedbodystyle:SR| vti_cachedlinkinfo:VX|H|http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/ H|http://purl.org/dc/terms/ H|http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/contents/copyright.html S|http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js S|../../images/backgrnd.PNG -S|../../stuff/popblank.js 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NHHS|http://www.arizona.edu/ NHUS|mailto:walker_hokkaido@yahoo.co.uk FKUS|articles/2005/Tomoda.html FIUS|stuff/Footer_Template3.html FIUS|stuff/Footer_Template2.html FIUS|stuff/Header_Template4.html vti_cachedneedsrewrite:BR|true vti_cachedhasbots:BR|true vti_cachedhastheme:BR|false vti_cachedhasborder:BR|false vti_metatags:VR|HTTP-EQUIV=Content-Type charset=windows-1252 DC.title Change\\ in\\ Script\\ Usage\\ in\\ Japanese:\\ A\\ Longitudinal\\ Study\\ of\\ Japanese\\ Government\\ White\\ Papers\\ on\\ Labor DC.creator Takako\\ Tomoda,\\ Monash\\ University,\\ Australia DC.subject kanji;\\ hiragana;\\ katakana;\\ gairaigo;\\ loanwords;\\ loan-words;\\ japan;\\ Japan;\\ social\\ sciences;\\ society;\\ economy;\\ politics;\\ culture;\\ sociology;\\ economics;\\ political\\ science;\\ education;\\ educational;\\ research;\\ analysis;\\ study;\\ academic\\ research;\\ creative\\ writing DC.description article\\ 5\\ in\\ 2005\\ in\\ the\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DCTERMS.abstract In\\ the\\ post-war\\ period,\\ official\\ language\\ reforms\\ combined\\ with\\ social\\ and\\ technological\\ change\\ have\\ changed\\ the\\ Japanese\\ writing\\ system.\\ Notable\\ amongst\\ the\\ reforms\\ were\\ officially\\ sponsored\\ limits\\ on\\ the\\ number\\ of\\ kanji.\\ Technological\\ change\\ has\\ been\\ accompanied\\ by\\ an\\ influx\\ of\\ loanwords\\ written\\ in\\ katakana.\\ Both\\ these\\ changes\\ have\\ been\\ subjects\\ of\\ considerable\\ dispute.\\ Since\\ the\\ early\\ 1990s\\ katakana\\ words\\ have\\ received\\ official\\ language\\ planning\\ attention\\ and\\ particular\\ attention\\ has\\ been\\ given\\ to\\ katakana\\ use\\ in\\ government\\ white\\ papers.\\ This\\ study\\ examines\\ longitudinal\\ change\\ in\\ the\\ proportions\\ of\\ the\\ three\\ Japanese\\ scripts\\ of\\ kanji,\\ hiragana\\ and\\ katakana\\ using\\ samples\\ of\\ white\\ papers\\ on\\ labor\\ published\\ between\\ 1960\\ and\\ 1997\\ which\\ were\\ controlled\\ for\\ subject\\ matter\\ to\\ enable\\ valid\\ longitudinal\\ evaluation.\\ Two\\ counts\\ were\\ conducted\\ and\\ the\\ same\\ trends\\ were\\ found\\ for\\ both\\ counts\\ when\\ variation\\ due\\ to\\ format\\ was\\ controlled\\ for.\\ Contrary\\ to\\ expectations,\\ the\\ proportion\\ of\\ kanji\\ increased\\ while\\ hiragana\\ decreased.\\ The\\ proportion\\ of\\ katakana\\ increased,\\ due\\ mainly\\ to\\ an\\ increased\\ use\\ of\\ loanwords,\\ but\\ the\\ overall\\ level\\ was\\ less\\ than\\ expected.\\ Comparisons\\ were\\ made\\ with\\ other\\ Japanese\\ studies\\ and\\ the\\ effects\\ of\\ language\\ reforms\\ discussed. DC.publisher electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DCTERMS.isPartOf\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DCTERMS.isPartOf\\ urn:ISSN:1476-9158 DC.contributor Dr.\\ Peter\\ Matanle,\\ General\\ Editor,\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies DCTERMS.issued 2005-08-19 DC.type Text DCTERMS.bibliographicCitation Tomoda,\\ Takako\\ (2005)\\ Change\\ in\\ Script\\ Usage\\ in\\ Japanese:\\ A\\ Longitudinal\\ Study\\ of\\ Japanese\\ Government\\ White\\ Papers\\ on\\ Labor,\\ electronic\\ journal\\ of\\ contemporary\\ japanese\\ studies,\\ Article\\ 5\\ in\\ 2005,\\ At:\\ http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/articles/2005/Tomoda.html DC.format text/html DC.format 144865\\ bytes DC.identifier http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/articles/2005/Tomoda.html DC.language en DC.rights http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/contents/copyright.html vti_charset:SR|windows-1252